Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Biography - Teachers day special

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Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Biography - Teachers day special


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Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Biography

Dr. Radhakrishnan was the first elected Vice-President of India in 1952. After serving two terms as Vice-President, he was made President of India in 1962. During his term as President, India fought wars with China and Pakistan. He retired in 1967.

He believed education should be given utmost importance. His contribution to the field earned him several awards, including the Bharat Ratna. He even received the Knighthood from the British emperor King George V in 1931 for his excellence in teaching. In 1975, when the generous scholar was felicitated with a 'Templeton Prize' by the well-known 'Templeton Foundation', he chose to donate the entire amount to the Oxford University.

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was called to Oxford University, to deliver lectures on Hindu philosophy. He used his lectures as a platform to further India's cause for freedom. He also argued that Western philosophers, despite all claims to objectivity, were biased by theological influences from their wider culture. He showed that Indian philosophy, once translated into standard academic jargon, is worthy of being called philosophy by Western standards. He thus placed Indian Philosophy on world map.

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Spiritual life is the genius of India.
It is said that a man without religion is like a horse without bridle.
Only the man of serene mind can realize the spiritual meaning of life. Honesty with oneself is the condition of spiritual integrity.


These are the famous quotes of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan on whose birthday we celebrate the TEACHERS’ DAY.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was first Vice President of India and second President of India. He was also a philosopher and introduced the thinking of western idealist philosophers into Indian thought. He was a famous teacher and his birthday is celebrated as Teacher's Day in India.

2nd Biography

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on September 5, 1888 at Tirutani - Madras in a poor Brahmin family. As his father was poor Radhakrishnan supported most of his education through scholarships. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan had his early education at Gowdie School, Tiruvallur and then went to the Lutheran Mission School in Tirupati for his high school. He joined the Voorhee's College in Vellore and later switched to the Madras Christian College. He chose Philosophy as his major subject and did his B.A. and M.A. in it.



After completing his M.A., Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, accepted an Assistant Lectureship at the Madras Presidency College in 1909. In college, he mastered the classics of Hindu philosophy, namely the Upanishads, Bhagvad Gita, Brahmasutra, and commentaries of Sankara, Ramunuja and Madhava. He also acquainted himself with Buddhist and Jain philosophy and philosophies of Western thinkers.

In 1918, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was selected as Professor of Philosophy by the University of Mysore. In 1921, Radhakrishnan was nominated as Professor of Philosophy at the Calcutta University. In 1923, Dr. Radhakrishnan's book "Indian Philosophy" was published. The book was hailed as a "philosophical classic and a literary masterpiece."

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Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was a great person who later became the first Vice President of the India as well as second President of the India. He was also a good teacher, philosopher and author. His birthday is celebrated every year in India on 5th of September as the Teacher’s Day by the students. He was born on 5th of September in 1888 at Tirutani, Madras in a very poor Brahmin family. Because of the poor economic status of his family he studied with the support of scholarships. He got his early education from Gowdie School, Tiruvallur, Lutheran Mission School, Tirupati, Voorhee’s College, Vellore and then Madras Christian College. He was very interested in the Philosophy and completed his B.A. and M.A. degrees in Philosophy.


At the Madras Presidency College, he was assigned as an assistant lectureship in 1909 after completing the MA degree. He had mastered the classics of Hindu philosophy such as Upanishads, Brahmasutra, Bhagvad Gita, commentaries of Sankara, Madhava, Ramunuja, etc. He was also well familiar with the Buddhist and Jain philosophy as well as philosophies of Western thinkers. He became a Professor of Philosophy at University of Mysore in 1918 and soon nominated for Professor of Philosophy at Calcutta University in 1921. In order to deliver lectures on the Hindu philosophy, he was called later to the Oxford University. Through his many hard efforts, he became able to put the Indian Philosophy on the world map.


Later in 1931, he got selected as the Vice Chancellor of Andhra University and Vice Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University in 1939. He also appointed as ambassador to UNESCO in 1946 and ambassador to Soviet Union in 1949. Later he became first Vice-President of the India in 1952 and awarded Bharat Ratna in 1954. After serving the country for two terms as the Vice-President of India, he became President of India in 1962 and retired in 1967. After serving the country through his great works, he died on 17th of April in 1975.


He also won Templeton Prize in 1975 (but he donated the Templeton Prize to Oxford University), Peace Prize of the German Book Trade in 1961, etc. In order to pay him honour forever, university started Radhakrishnan Scholarships in 1989 which was later renamed as Radhakrishnan Chevening Scholarships.

In 1949, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was appointed ambassador to the Soviet Union. He helped laid the foundation for a strong relationship with Soviet Union. Radhakrishnan was elected first Vice-President of India in 1952. He was honored with the Bharat Ratna in 1954. After serving two terms as Vice-President, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was elected President of India in 1962. During his tenure as President India fought wars with China and Pakistan. As President he helped see India through those trying years safely. He retired as President in 1967 and settled in Madras. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan died on April 17, 1975.

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